Gambling business in France
The gambling business is legal in France. Licenses are issued for online gaming, casinos and slot machines. The state has a monopoly on betting, launching and lotteries. The age limit was reduced from 21 to 18 in 1987, and now any citizen over the age of 18 can play in both land and online casinos. Revenue from casinos is € 2.2 billion annually. There are more than 200 casinos in France. They are managed by four main operators: Partouche, Barriere, JOA and Tranchant. More than 32 million people visit French casinos every year. The volume of the online gaming market is estimated at more than 1.5 billion euros. There are 35 licensed operators in the country. Most of them (29) work with online horse racing and online poker. French gambling sites have more than 3 million active accounts.
The gambling business in the country is regulated by the Security Code, which came into force on May 1, 2012. The Ministry of Internal Affairs licenses and supervises the gambling market.
French gambling legislation
France treats gambling and betting as casual contracts. This category also includes insurance. The difference between gambling and other similar contracts is that the gambling business sector pays more for services.
Most of the French gambling business is regulated by a security code and the rest is controlled by separate laws. The law on online games regulates sports betting, horse racing and club games (poker only).
The Security Code allows and regulates casinos on cruise ships, resorts and famous tourist cities.
In general, casinos are very strictly controlled. They are required not only for games but also for entertainment and catering services. The number of games offered to users in casinos is limited: they can only offer games that are licensed.
The lottery monopoly under Article 136 of the Financial Law of 1933 belongs to La Française des Jeux. By order 97-456 of 5 May 1997, horse racing was transferred to the exclusive management of Pari Mutuel Urbain.
Minors may not gamble. Exceptions are charity lotteries, exhibition lotteries and bingo.
The land gambling business is inspected by the Ministry of Internal Affairs. All types of land casinos licenses are issued only by the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
The online gambling business is controlled by the Autorité de Régulation des Jeux en Ligne (ARJEL), founded in 2010.
The process of obtaining a casino license in France
The casino must enter into an agreement with the city in which it is located. The Ministry of Internal Affairs, upon approval of the application, transfers the right to provide public services. Sometimes the transfer takes the form of tenders. The operator must then obtain a general license to provide all services on one site. All types of games and services are described in the permit.
The process of obtaining a license in the gambling business
Permission is issued to the club manager in duplicate. It is filled with a local prefect. The prefect must submit one permit to the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The Ministry approves the application after receiving a response from the Commission after consulting Jeux de Cercle et de Casino.
Adherence to the rules for submitting a license; Determine the GGR (Total Revenue) Percentage to support services and entertainment, charities, and other club activities.
Gaming licensed species
Legal games in France are:
Club games are considered separately:
Three types of baccarat;
As for gaming machines, their import and production is prohibited by the Safety Code. However, there are exceptions. Casinos can offer slot machines to guests if they have at least one casino game.
The same law stipulates that the RTP of slots must be at least 85%. There is also a limit on the number of credits placed in the car.
Lotteries are generally prohibited, but there are exceptions. The following types are allowed:
As for online gambling in France, it is legalized. An online operator can only offer services in France, ie gambling websites are aimed only at French residents. Software must be licensed by ARJEL. All online platform providers are listed under the license.
Online licenses are issued for three areas of gambling:
License fees vary according to the following range:
An additional annual fee of € 20,000-40,000 will be paid (depending on the number of licenses - one, two or three). The online gambling business license is issued for a period of five years, with the possibility of renewal.
Popular slot machines in the country
The list of the most popular slot machines in France includes:
The gambling business in France is developing quite successfully. Although not known to French developers of slot machines and casino games, casinos and playgrounds are well developed. Interestingly, institutions, in addition to games, are obliged to provide other services, including charitable